כדאי לדעת הנחיות ומידע
Rabies vaccination and license: By law, every dog over the age of three months must be vaccinated against rabies, and this vaccination must be renewed every year. In addition, the first time a dog is vaccinated an electronic chip must be implanted in its body for active identification for the entire life of the dog. Every year when the dog is vaccinated, a license fee must be paid, which changes according to the age of the dog and whether or not has been sterilized (see table). Possession of an unvaccinated and unlicensed dog is punishable by a NIS 2,000 fine (for dogs of dangerous breeds the fine is NIS 6,500).
Dogs can be vaccinated at the Veterinary Service (there is no additional license fee) or at private clinics (for an additional fee).
Dogs in the public space: By law, dogs in the public space must be held by a person able to control them when they are tied to a leash. There is no requirement for muzzling dogs in public areas except in the case of dogs defined as belonging to dangerous breeds.
Dogs from dangerous breeds (Pit Bull, AmStaff, Rottweiler, etc.) and mixed-breed dogs mixed with a dangerous breed must be held by an adult 18 years or older, must be kept muzzled in public spaces and must be on a leash no longer than 2 meters long.
NIS 500 fines are imposed on roaming dogs not on a leash and not held by their owners. NIS 1,000 fines are imposed on dogs from dangerous breeds that are not tied to a leash or muzzled.
Catching Stray Dogs
The Veterinary Service catches dogs roaming around the city. A licensed dog that is caught and whose owner is located with the help of the details found in the chip will be returned to its owner after payment of the costs determined by law. Dogs without owners or if the owner cannot be located are treated by a Veterinary Service vet (vaccinations, sterilization) and put up for adoption.
Adoption of dogs: Dogs can be adopted at the Veterinary Service every day during opening hours. Adopting a dog involves payment for an adoption basket, which includes spaying / neutering and all the necessary vaccinations and treatments. Holders of the Yerushalmi card will receive a discount.
Keeping house cats: According to the Jerusalem By-Laws, house cats require rabies vaccinations and a license. The vaccination can be administered at the Veterinary Service or in private clinics.
Cat adoption: Cats can be adopted at the Veterinary Service every day during opening hours. Cat adoption is free of charge. The adoption basket includes spaying / neutering and all the necessary vaccinations and treatments.
House cats can leave the house and go into public areas, and it is recommended to mark house cats with a collar bearing the owner’s details. The cat should be prevented from being a nuisance to neighbors.
The feeding of stray cats is permitted by law in Israel subject to compliance with Veterinary Service guidelines: feeding only with dry food and in hidden places. The food containers should be removed after the cats have finished eating. The cats should be spayed and neutered, for which you can get help from associations and the Veterinary Service.
Sterilization of feral cats: The recommended way to prevent the breeding of street cats and the nuisances they cause is spaying and neutering. You can get help from animal welfare associations and the Veterinary Service. You can request the sterilization of street cats by submitting a request. Due to the high demand, there is a long wait for this service, and your request may take months to handle.
According to Israeli law, street cats must not be harmed or removed from their location. In case of a nuisance due to cats, you can file a public request and Veterinary Service inspectors will examine the request.
According to the recommendation of the Veterinary Service, in order to prevent cat nuisance the environment must be kept clean, cats must be fed only in accordance with the instructions, the yard must be fenced with a high, impassable fence, and entrances must be closed. Cats can be annoyed by non-harmful means, such as making annoying noises / spraying water or using cat repellents that can be purchased at pet stores.
Wildlife in the Urban Space
Jerusalem is surrounded by open areas that constitute a habitat for protected wildlife (jackals, foxes, wild boars…), which are the responsibility of the Nature and Parks Authority. In recent years, wildlife has multiplied in open areas around the country, and as a result many animals are being pushed into cities in search of food (the handling of wildlife within the city is problematic and limited).
The Veterinary Service provides a solution in cases of an injured wild animal or when a wild animal is near a residence. You can submit a call center request or public request depending on the complaint.
Crows are wild animals that in the past were protected and treated by the Nature and Parks Authority. Due to their huge growth in numbers around the country, the crow has been declared a harmful species, and their handling by the nature and Parks Authority was discontinued. As of today, no entity in the country has the authority to treat or harm crows.
Crow hazard prevention is done by keeping the environment clean (reducing sources of food reduces the crow population) and pruning trees that serve as crow nesting sites.
During the nesting season there is a phenomenon of crow chicks falling from their nest while learning to fly. In situations where crows identify a chick in danger, many crows gather and make intimidating sounds to keep danger away from the chick.
You can submit a call center request in the event of an injured crow or a chick that has fallen from its nest. The Veterinary Service inspector will collect the crow, and that will usually end the problem.
Rock Rabbits (Rock hyrax)
In recent years, rock rabbits have multiplied and begun to penetrate many communities. Rock rabbits are harmful because they destroy vegetation and cause damage to property, and they can transmit leishmaniasis disease (the Rose of Jericho).
The Jerusalem Municipality has hired a consulting company specializing in this field and working according to the recommendations of experts. Prevention of damage done by rock rabbits is carried out by distancing them from homes and eradicating the fly that transmits the disease. For this purpose, the Municipality takes the following actions:
- Destruction of the rock rabbits’ habitats – the Municipality conducts operations costing millions of shekels. There is an orderly work plan that progresses according to the budget allotted by the state for this issue.
- Sand fly pest control – the Municipality Pest Control Department carries out pest control of the sand fly, which transmits leishmaniasis disease from the rabbits to humans.
- Catching rabbits – rabbit capture is performed by the Veterinary Service and a private contractor.
In the event of an injured rock rabbit and/or a rabbit in a yard or building, you can submit a call center request.
Keeping farm animals (horses, donkeys, sheep, poultry) requires a permit from the Veterinary Service. The permit is issued after an inspection confirming there is no nuisance and that the animals are vaccinated and kept according to the law and without animal cruelty.
Complaints regarding a nuisance due to the keeping of farm animals can be submitted as public requests.
It is forbidden to keep animals in public areas or to allow sheep to graze or horses or donkeys to roam. In such cases, a call center request should be submitted (large roaming animal).