דלג לתוכן העמוד

Local Authority Guide

As the main interface with residents and the meeting point of all the emergency organizations and national authorities within its jurisdiction, the local authority is a central factor is response to emergencies in times of both peace and war.

Family Emergency Guide

In case of emergency, you want to make sure you are prepared. So what can you do? The more you know about emergency situations, and how to ensure your own safety, the better you will function and be able to handle emergency situations to help yourself and others. It’s important to think about these potential problems that may arise in various emergency situations, and try to find solutions for them in advance to ensure you and others are prepared. Moreover, if you encounter a problem, you will know it is solvable if you ar prepared. This can save you a lot of unnecessary stress or worry.  It is therefore important that every family prepares an emergency plan that takes the family’s unique characteristics into consideration, and that they prepare for the various types of emergency situations.

What Should a Family Emergency Plan Include?

  • Knowledge of the sequence of actions that need to be taken in each of these emergency situations, and teaching family members how to act.
  • Familiarization with the safe areas within the home and training all family members to take shelter in them.
  • The planning and defining of each family member’s responsibilities. It is important to match the responsibilities to the abilities of each member of the household.
  • It is important that family members know where all of the family’s emergency equipment is stored. It should be determined which family member is responsible for organizing the equipment and maintaining it in proper condition.
  • Teach your children where the gas and electricity points are in your home, under what circumstances the valves should be closed, and how.
  • Write down the telephone numbers of emergency organizations, local authorities and other relevant agencies in your area. It is important to teach your children who to call and when.
  • In a clearly visible place, write down the means of communication between all members of the family, in case there is an urgent need to make contact.
  • Determine which neighbors or other people should be contacted in case contact between the closest family members is not possible.
  • Determine the safest escape route in case you need to evacuate the house immediately.
  • Establish a meeting point for family members in case family members are not together at the time of the emergency. It is recommended to set one meeting point near the family home and a second meeting point outside the neighborhood.  There is great importance in cooperation and mutual assistance between neighbors.  It is important to discuss these situations with your neighbors and determine the actions that should be taken.
  • Finally, you must practice the family emergency plan! It is recommended to occasionally refresh family members’ memories regarding the details of the plan.

Preparing a Go Bag for Emergencies

Preparation of a go bag for emergencies will allow the family to manage for 24 to 72 hours until help arrives.

The Bag Should Contain:

  • Battery operated flashlight and transistor radio (including spare batteries).
  • A 3-day supply of water and canned food (water must be replaced every three months).
  • First aid kit including: antibiotic cream, pain relievers, disinfectant solution, disinfectants, water, bandages, adhesive bandages, arterial tourniquet, splint, medications taken regularly by family members, spare glasses, medical documents, etc.
  • Clothes, identification papers and money.
  • Matches, candles, multi-use knife and personal hygiene products.
  • Special equipment and food for babies.

Any additional equipment the family believes will be necessary should they need to evacuate their home.

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Types of threats

Missile Attack

(Conventional and non-conventional), small arms fire, rockets, Katyusha rockets or artillery / attacks by airplanes / explosives.

Factories within the authority’s jurisdiction that use hazardous substances which endanger residents.

Strong Earthquake

Can cause extensive destruction to buildings, damage road infrastructure, communications, water, etc., and leave large numbers of people homeless and unable to function.

Flooding

Certain communities and/or areas in the community are exposed to floods or flooding due to heavy rains.  This type of event usually requires the temporary evacuation of residents, sometimes requiring them to be rescued.

Threats arising from the proximity of the authority to the Seam Zone with the Palestinian Authority or an international border:

Threats may be among those described above, even during times of peace, and also include the threat of arson to agricultural fields and agricultural means of production, attacks, thefts and riots that disrupt normal life.

Other possible threats

  • Problems with the provision of essential services which may come as a result of wartime or terrorist activity (hostile subversive activity) or an accident or natural disaster during times of peace.
  • Water supply failures.
  • Power supply failures.
  • Problems with agricultural production.
  • Shortage of basic products such as food, fuel, etc.
  • Operational difficulties in essential industries due to mobilization of employees to reserves duty.
  • Transportation and transport system difficulties.
  • Damage to communications infrastructure.

 

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