Home Front Command guidelines for Jerusalem
A prepared family is a safe family
Preparing your family for emergency situations
Talk it over, share, and hold drills - how to prepare a family emergency plan, why it’s important to prepare a family emergency plan, how it can help your family during an emergency and what are the steps to creating one.
Preparing the family has three stages: Talking, Cooperating, Drilling.
A family discussion regarding the various types of emergencies, how to prepare for them and how to cope with them is very important. For further information on how to conduct the discussion visit the guidelines of family discussion.
Every family member should know in advance what they must do in the
case of an emergency.
Assemble basic supplies of non -perishables. Prepare emergency kits,
determine where they are to be stored (best to keep in any protected area).
Assign who will shut the windows in the protected area, who will turn
off the gas tap, who will assist a family member in need of help, who
will handle the pet.
Assign roles by age and ability. Clarify each family member's role,
ensure there is no overlap or contradiction. Assign alternative roles
in the event that one or more family members are not present at the
onset of an emergency situation.
An emergency can occur at any minute, that is why it is important to have a periodic family drill. In every drill you should cover the following:
Enter the Protected Area make sure all residents of the house enter the protected area within the time frame your area has.
Assign new roles change assignments according to the house residents (if necessary).
Update supplies such as food, batteries, water.
Communications- each family member should know who to contact in case of an emergency.
Follow-up - ensure that every family member is making progress on their assignments, such as fixing objects in place or replacing supplies.
Means of alerts
Home Front Command alerts are given in a targeted manner to each locality and are distributed by a variety of means
Personal Siren - By installing the new Home Front Command App, which provides personal alerting and life-saving information on a wide range of threats, depending on your location and areas of interest.
Receiving a home alert on the National Emergency Portal
You can receive a selective and personal alert for your home whenever an alert is activated in your town, by activating the alert on the National Emergency Portal. To do this, go to "Alerts" on this site and define the name of the town for which you want to receive an alert.
Home Front Command sirens
Thousands of Home Front Command sirens are spread throughout the country, intended primarily for the population staying outdoors. Those staying indoors can receive the alerts by a variety of additional means listed at the beginning of this page.
In addition to the alert measures specified, Home Front Command alerts are also given in the following media:
• National and regional radio stations.
• TV Channels - The Broadcasting Corporation Kan11, Network Channel 13, Keshet Channel 12, Channel 9 and Channel 14.
Home Front Command siren are deployed across the country to alert the public by sounding an alarm.
The sirens will only be activated where there is danger to the population.To the top
Choosing a Protective Space?
Protective rooms, communal or institutional shelters, stairwells or internal rooms - protective spaces should be chosen based on the time to reach shelter, the protection available, and the ability to reach it in time. A guide on how to choose a protective space.
Preferred ranking of protective spaces:
1. Your home’s protective space (mamad), or a communal shelter (mamak), are the preferred options.
A shelter in a shared building – provided that it can be reached in the time to reach shelter, or if it can be reached by an internal stairway.
A public shelter (miklat) – provided that it can be reached in the time to reach shelter available to you.
3. An internal stairwell:
Residents of the top floor in a building with more than three stories, which has no protective spaces in apartments, and no communal or public shelters – should descend two stories and remain in the stairwell. In buildings with more than three stories, the stairwells of each floor, other than the top two stories and the ground floor, are protected.
Residents of the top floor in a building with three stories, which has no protective spaces in apartments, and no communal or public shelters – should descend one story and remain in the stairwell. In buildings with three stories, the most protected stairwell is the middle floor (the second floor).
4. If there is no protective space in the apartment, and no communal or public shelter or internal stairwell, choose an internal room with as few external walls, windows and openings as possible. Stay close to an interior wall and sit below the window line.
Places which cannot be used as protective spaces
Do not choose washrooms or bathrooms, and avoid ceramics, porcelains and glass, which may shatter.
How to act during an alert
During an alert, enter a Secure Space according to the preparation time you have available and follow the instructions below:
In a building
Enter the Mamad (apartment Secure Space), Mamak (floor Secure Space), Mamach (institutional Secure Space), shelter, interior stairwell, or internal protected room, and close the door and the windows.
In a Mamad, Mamak, or Mamach, close and lock the door by turning the handle 90 degrees and ensure that the iron and aluminum windows are shut.
• In built-up areas - enter the closest building.
• In open areas - sit on the ground and protect your head with your hands.
Traveling in a vehicle
Stop by the side of the road, exit your vehicle, and enter the closest building.
If you cannot reach a building within the available time - exit your vehicle and get beyond the curb or the separation fence if there is one, to prevent from being injured from another vehicle stopping on the side of the road. After that, sit on the ground, and protect your head with your hands.
Only in cases when you are unable to exit your vehicle should you stop by the side of the road, duck under the window line, and wait 10 minutes.
Traveling in public transport
• Intercity and school buses - the driver must stop by the side of the road and open the doors. Riders must duck under the window line and protect their heads with their hands.
• Municipal buses - the driver must stop by the side of the road and open the doors so riders can enter the closest building.
If you cannot reach a building within the available time, duck under the window line and protect your head with your hands.
• Trains - the driver must slow the train to 30 km/h for 10 minutes. Riders must duck under the window line.
- Stay in the Secure Space for 10 minutes to protect yourself from rocket volleys and interception shrapnel.
Please note: there are no changes to guidelines for the public due to the IDF’s defense systems, given that these systems do not provide a complete defense against fire.
- Stay away from unidentified objects.
Citizens must make sure to remain in the Secure Space for 10 minutes.To the top